TROUBLESHOOTING CASE STUDIES:
INDUSTRIAL and COMMERCIAL
Campsie Spring Ltd
Perhaps the most statistically significant body of Geodivining work from a single area comes from our successful development of multiple groundwater resources for Campsie Spring Ltd, the Uk's largest own-label Natural Mineral Water producer, in three phases from 1998 to 2001.
A comprehensive geological report had been prepared by a respected professor of geology, which was very interesting in many aspects, but which failed to indicate with any certainty where the best drilling locations might be.
Over 100 boreholes had been drilled prior to Geodivining's involvement. Most were dry or low-yielding, and the few that did produce well had seasonably variable yields. The introduction of Geodivining dramatically improved the drilling success rate from under 20% up to a much more productive 95%.
The Geodivining Survey effectively mapped all water-bearing structures, obstacles and hazards and supervised drilling brought in 19 successful new wells, quadrupling the sustainable water supply from 120 million litres per annum to 480 million litres per annum.
This resource enabled the company to expand production turnover and sales, with increased profit from potential new supermarket contracts at competitive margins of only 2 - 3 pence per litre, worth over £7,500,000 per annum.
In 2007 the directors of Campsie Spring referred me to a new prospect in the hills of East Ayrshire that they were interested in investing in at the time where the owners, the McClounie family, had some promising springs and were trying to get commercial interest in the water.
Situated in an upland conservation area, the prospect had good potential and my geological investigation revealed that the springs flow from an isolated, well-protected sandstone aquifer extending to about 1,000 hectares, in which there were no boreholes at the time.
British Geological Survey reports indicated that yields up to about 18,000 l/hr might be achievable but the findings from the Geodivining Survey showed that much higher yields exceeding 30,000 l/hr were probably achievable.
Seven high-yield locations were marked at selected fault and fracture intersections on Craigdullyeart Hill and two of these were selected for drilling; one at 220m and the other at 282m elevation.
Both were drilled to 75m depth to produce truly exceptional yields in excess of 100,000 l/hr each. Ayrshire Springs is currently the most prolific developed, certified and licensed Natural Mineral Water resource available for commercial development in Scotland.
Early in my water divining career I successfully located and developed groundwater resources for Sangs (Banff) Ltd, an established family-run soft drinks manufacturer located on the top of the Macduff headland 65m above sea level, where 8 previous drilling attempts had failed to find any water in the hard, unforgiving vertical slates and greywackes of the Macduff Formation.
Introduced by referral, the Managing Director was desperate for a positive outcome as insufficient water supply was limiting the growth of the business. Considering the prior history, he was understandably sceptical of my methods but he agreed to show me around his site including the locations of the dry holes peppered across the half-hectare paved yard. He told me he needed a supply of 10,000 litres per hour. I did the initial water divining on site immediately and within a few minutes I had found one good point that was clearly the best place to drill. It was located less than 10m from two of the failed boreholes and lay completely concealed beneath concrete and tarmac paving and 12m of boulder-clay subsoil. There was no clue on the surface as to its possible existence, and given the 8 previous drilling failures no conventional hydrogeologist could ever have offered a positive prognosis, but with Geodivining, I could confidently do so. Marking the site carefully and assessing it as a steeply inclined near-vertical fracture intersection on a quite major SW-NE-striking fault structure, I made detailed depth and yield measurements on my exact location, which indicated that 11,800 l/hr was available from 45-55m depth.
At this juncture hydrogeologists generally shake their heads in disbelief as, to a conventional-thinking hydrogeologist, the whole pretext of Geodivining is seen as conjecture or wishful thinking and this kind of precision deemed impossible. The MD was still understandably sceptical, until I followed up with two days’ conventional work providing detailed geological mapping of rock exposures around the cliffs and slate quarries in the area, from which I discovered strong physical evidence that there was indeed a previously unknown major vertical fault zone in the slate corresponding to the line I had located by Geodivining.
Drilling work was subsequently arranged and successfully completed with 100% precision much to everyone's astonishment and delight. The borehole accurately intersected the near-vertical water-bearing fault structure through the exact depth range as measured and settled down to produce a sustainable yield of 11,800 l/hr, as forecast.
The Geodivining borehole had replaced an expensive and restrictive metered water supply. For more than a decade it provided over 250,000 litres a day which enabled the company's successful three-fold expansion and development of new soft drinks and spring water products. In subsequent years additional land was acquired to protect the source and develop additional supplies. At least a dozen more boreholes were drilled and three were developed for additional water supply, but none attained even half the yield of the original well, proving quite conclusively that I had chosen the best spot. The business was sold in 2007 for about £10,000,000.
Gleneagles and the BBC
Another trouble-shooting job turned into one of my most lauded successes for the world-famous Gleneagles Hotel and Championship Golf Courses, where in 1998 I successfully located and subsequently developed 4 of 4 planned boreholes for 3,500,000 litres per day, again where a previous drilling effort had failed. This greatly enhanced the water features and landscape quality of the estate and saved many tens of thousands of pounds in water rates each year.
The picturesque Gleneagles Estate provided the ideal setting for an interesting test of the ‘claim’ that Geodivining accurately locates deep vertical water-bearing faults in the bedrock, when I was approached by a BBC Science documentary producer. One of the Gleneagles water wells was drilled in conjunction with a joint Discovery Channel / BBC Science Documentary, for which we operated two drilling rigs side by side to simultaneously drill two identical boreholes.
Borehole 3A was carefully positioned on my target structure and the other, Borehole 3B, was positioned just 12m away from it as a deliberate near miss.
The bedrock aquifer at Gleneagles consists of a thick sequence of lower Devonian-aged siltstones and sandstones broken by occasional deep faults and fractures and wide Permo-Carboniferous quartz-dolerite dykes, concealed beneath 12-15m of boulder-clay overburden, as illustrated (right).
My deep target source structure (marked in blue) presented an anomaly only 4m in width (marked red) for which I forecast 27,000 litres per hour from 60-120m beneath location 3A, and the equivalent forecast for location 3B was less than 1,500 litres per hour. This test was designed to typify the conditions from some of the more extreme troubleshooting scenarios where I have often found high yields within a few metres of very poor yielding or dry wells. Within the allotted filming time, both boreholes were drilled to 100m (not quite the optimum depth) and yields were measured at 19,000 l/hr and 750 l/hr.
At 100m depth borehole 3A produced 25 times more water than borehole 3B effectively demonstrating:
(1) that in heterogeneous ground conditions (applicable in most sedimentary aquifers and all fractured crystalline rocks) the high yield groundwater flows are mostly confined to networks of major faults and fractures, especially vertical or high angle faults into which all other minor fractures drain and which are open to extensive lateral flow as well as deep infiltration or up-welling flow, and
(2) that these structures can indeed be accurately located and assessed by skilled and experienced water diviners, specifically in this case by the intuitive Biophysical Remote Sensing methods developed by Geodivining International.
This test also demonstrates another important point about the way in which Geodivining surveying is done both remotely and on site, plotting the exact positions of features lying vertically beneath the surface.
There will always be sceptics who can’t accept or won’t believe it is possible to locate such deep features with such geophysical accuracy using only these unconventional intuitive bio-sensory abilities; but we have the data and statistics to add to other scientific studies that provide ample evidence that it is not only possible but can be relied upon to be correct in the great majority of applications.
Scepticism multiplies a thousand-fold when you move into the realms of mineral and oil exploration, but I and a few other professional diviners have done so successfully and there is a growing body of evidence of remarkable feats of accuracy and detail in this arena too.